A VISIT TO THE MAJAPAHIT TEMPLES IN EAST JAVA

A VISIT TO THE MAJAPAHIT TEMPLES IN EAST JAVA
MAJAPAHIT TEMPLES
The Trowulan area in Mojokerto, East Java, is home to magnificent temples believed to have been built during the Majapahit era, sometime between the 12th and 14th centuries.
Interestingly, unlike the common stone found at other Majapahit sites in Java, these temples were built using red bricks and andesite rock.

Partially restored in 1890, some of these heritage treasures are today almost entirely intact. Others remain in ruins.

According to experts, the Trowulan temples had many different functions: Some temples were built as entrances to more sacred buildings inside; others were designated as monuments and adorned with inscriptions to commemorate kings; still more were used as residences.

The temples in Trowulan are varied in shape. The Candi Kedaton (Kedaton temple) and Situs Lantai Segienam (hexagonal-floored) sites in Sentonorejo village are among the temple ruins in Trowulan. The flooring is said to communicate significant information regarding architectural norms during the Majapahit era and is believed to have been used as soldiers’ barracks.

Candi Tikus, Candi Bajang Ratu and Candi Brahu are among the temples that remain intact today at the Trowulan sites.

Literally meaning Rat temple, the unique pool-shaped Candi Tikus in Temon village has little to do with rodents, however, other than the fact that the site was discovered after a rat’s nest was excavated. The temple was once a ritual bathing place and has been competently restored.

In Temon village, one can also find Candi Bajang Ratu, which was built to honor one of Majapahit's kings, Jayanagara, who was inaugurated when he was still very young.
Candi Brahu at Bejijon village in Trowulan is the most intact of the three restored temples. Experts believe that it was used as a crematorium.

The real story and history of Trowulan temples will remain shrouded in mystery, but a visit to these sites definitely offers an interesting glimpse into how people used to live thousands of years ago.

How to get there

Since no public transportation is available, rent a car or motorcycle to reach the temples.

Tips
- Trowulan temples are free to enter but donations are encouraged.
- While in the area, don’t miss out on nearby attractions such as the sleeping Buddha statue and Trowulan's Ancient Artifacts Museum.


 Sumber : The Jakarta Post Travel